Part of the Allium family, garlic is related to
onion, leek, shallots & chives. It is cheap and
easy to grow and has the added benefit of not
having chemicals sprayed on it that is common
with commercially purchased garlic.
Garlic for growing
can be purchased from your local garden centre
or you can plant organically grown garlic from
your greengrocer. Avoid using imported garlic as
it will have been sprayed with chemicals which
you want to avoid.
When and how to
garlic, buy bulbs that are firm.
Garlic should be
planted in autumn. It can either be planted in
the ground or in pots.
Garlic likes to be
planted in full sun, it dislikes acidic soil so
add some lime to make it more alkaline if
necessary. pH should be be between 6.0 - 7.0. It
should be planted in a free draining soil,
garlic does not like clay soil.
be added to the soil prior to planting.
To plant garlic:
garlic bulb up into individual cloves.
garlic with the root (flat) side pointing
down. The top of the garlic clove should be
planted at a depth of 5cm (2 inches).
be planted 10 - 15cm (4 - 6 inches) apart in
rows of 45cm apart.
Water & then
add a thin layer of mulch to help retain
moisture and keep weeds out.
Garlic should be
kept moist but not wet. This will cause it to
When to harvest
Within a short
time of planting, green leaves will shoot.
Harvesting of garlic is approximately six months
after planting and when the leaves begin to wilt
and turn brown.
How to store
Be careful when
pulling garlic out of the ground. Never pull it
out by the leaves. Use a garden fork & carefully
lift it out of the ground. Brush off as much
soil as you can from the bulb.
Dry the bulbs in
the sun. It is essential that garlic is dried
properly otherwise it will rot. Once it has been
dried, it can be hung up.
Do not wash
harvested garlic bulbs. Just brush off soil